Business Life Insurance 18 – Understanding the Statement of Retained Earnings and Cash Flow

Beside understand what is business insurance and business life insurance are important that people own a business understand , so they can protect their business in case of any unforeseen event happened causing hardship to the business owner and their family such as business store burned down one day, if you don’t carry insurance, you would endured some hard times after that. Understand operations of the company also equally important for a successful business. In this article ,we will try to discuss what is the statement of retain earning? and cash flow of the company.

Statement of retain earning is the accumulated of that portion of the shareholders equity derived from a profitable operation since the corporation stared it business.

I.There are two ways to express a Statement of Retained Earnings.

1. Retained earnings (end of year)= retained earnings (beginning of the year)+income for the year- dividends

2. Year end retained earnings= income (for the year)-dividends+ earnings retained (during the year)+ previous year balance

Total accumulated retained earnings does not normally reflect a cash position, but reflects the value of equipment, machinery or inventory and other assets. Instead of paying out all revenue each year as received in salaries or bonuses, a portion is retained to replace equipment and inventory and to finance expansion.

II.Cash Flow
Cash Flow is best expressed and understood in terms of inflow and outflow of cash.

1. Inflow

Inflow is the amount of cash that the company earned, such as additional sales, new investments and new borrowing.

2. Outflow

outflow is the cash that the company has expended in a period of time and it can be controlled by the timing of payments, replacing of equipment or postponing hiring and expansions.

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